is one of the island belong to Bangka-Belitung Province. During the 17th Century, Bangka Island was inhabited by Hindu, people from Siantan and Johor of Malaysia. Subsequently it was occupied by Sriwijaya Kingdom ( 686 AD ) who was written ” Wangka ” which means ” Tin ” on a stone, the stone was found in the Western part of the island, near Kota Kapur. Now the stone still can be seen at the National Museum in Jakarta. That’s why Bangka Island is also called ” Tin Island “.
Bangka island province together with Belitung Island
and lies just east of Sumatra and separated by the Bangka Strait. To the north lies the South China Sea. To the east, across the Gaspar Strait, is the island of Belitung, and to the south is the Java Sea. The island has various highlands which are mostly located in the middle of the island and many river follow diverse of the open sea, many beautiful beaches located in the Northwest of the Bangka Island.
Pangkal Pinang is the largest town and the capital of Bangka Belitung, and Sungailiat is the second large city in Bangka Island. One village, called Kampung Kim Hin, lies to the south of Sungailiat, this village is known for a type of alcohol called arak, which is produced from fermented rice. While, Muntok is the principal port.
This Island population is approximately 600 thousand people; consist of different ethnic groups, which come from all part of Indonesia. There are a large number of Chinese in habitants especially in the north around Belinyu. Accountings for 30% of Bangka population, 66% of Bangka people still depend of farming, other descendants of the tin mining company worker, fishing and other activities. Bangka has its own unique crafts witch are made of Bahar root (a kind of seaweed), craftsmen make it into various kinds of souvenirs such as rings, bracelets, cigarette pipes, etc. There are also handicrafts made of tin or pewter.
The best product from Bangka Island
is “BANKATIN“, which has a worldwide reputation amongst tin consumers as standard tin or grade “A” tin. The other important products of the island are rubber and pepper. During the Dutch occupation in Indonesia, the Muntok white Pepper became very famous and continues to be one of the best export commodities of Indonesia.
Sepintu Sedulang dance performed to welcome distinguished guests, the dance describes the open-hearted character of Bangkanese people, it is also performed during festivals occasions, other dance is Lion dance, it is performed to chase away evil spirits, some dancers being under a magicians influence go into a trance.
History of Bangka Island
With excellence of comparability and supported by regional ecosystem of archipelago, coastal area and the island with the other, Bangka Belitung present marine tourism (diving, scuba, snorkeling, fishing and sailing). After tin was found here in 1710, Bangka (derived from the local word wangka meaning tin) got his wealth and fame from this metal. These days tin is still mined but not as much as before.
Geographically of Bangka Island
The province is surrounded by South China Sea, Bangka straights and Java Sea. Bangka lies just east of Sumatra, separated by Bangka Strait. The marine environment around these islands is colorful. Bangka Island, which is situated at the Southern of the China Sea, it’s between Sumatra and Borneo Island. The land area is about 11,6 thousands square Km, stretching 180 km from Northwest to Southeast, the island has various highlands that are mostly located in the middle of the island and many rivers follow diverse of the open sea. There are many beautiful beaches located in the Northwest of Bangka Island. Most of the Bangka island consists of lower plains, swamps, small hills, beautiful beaches as well as white pepper fields and tin mines.
This Bangka Island Travel reviews is bordered by:
North Side: Natuna Sea
East side: Natuna Sea
South side: Pangkalpinang town and Bangka Tengah Regency
West side: Bangka Barat Regency, Bangka Strait and Kelabat Bay
Demographics of Bangka Island
Basically, The majority of the inhabitants are Malay Indonesians and Chinese mostly Hakkas. The Chinese make up at least 20% of the population of Babel. The majority of the Chinese are direct descendants of the coolies who worked the tin mines. The oldest temple is in Batu Rusa, a village along the road from Pangkalpinang to Sungai Liat. A beautifully decorated temple is found near Tayu in the north of Bangka Island. There are approximately 55 Chinese or Buddhist temples on Bangka alone that are still in use. The population is split between those who work the pepper farms and those who work on the tin mines. There are only a few isolated pockets of forest on the island and this doesn’t give much scope for exploring but the scenery is beautiful.
Temperature of Bangka Island
The average temperature on the island is 26 degree C and has an average rainfall of 179.3 mm per month; the rainy season is between October to March. The average humidity is approximately 80 %.
Cuisine of Bangka Island
Due to its proximity to sea, sea food has become a favorite. Chinese influence also can be seen in the dishes that mainly use Chinese spices. While you’re here try jebung, the local dialect for chicken fish. Its firm and tasty flesh will delight your senses.
Beach of Bangka Island
Clean seas, beautiful beaches into a composition that makes anyone feel at home who steps ashore.
Soft sand, combined with large boulders, stand out in some beaches, making a lovely vista for enjoying the natural beauty,and the warming temperate climate.
Unlike Parangtritis beach in Yogyakarta, which is also beautiful,Bangka island’s coastline provide gentle waves. A choice of water sports are fun and have a small risk compared to the existing beaches along the south coast of Java island.
If you want to try scuba diving, then the cost is approx Rp.500,000 per person. The cost includes training briefing, boat fee and expenses with full instructor accompaniment. Minimum,4 people for a diving event,max 5…..
Hospitality is warm and generous,typical of the Pacific islanders.Travelers who make day trips to Bangka,soon forget the struggles of the modern financial crises, which even though the islanders themselves have noticed a fall in tin prices, has not stopped the ever present smile on their faces,which is noticed in entertainment circles today by its locally born Indonesian celebrity,the beautiful Sandra Dewi…
Entry of Bangka Island
Get a flight from Soekarno-Hatta Airport. Or you can visit Bangka Island by boat from Palembang. Boat service to Muntok or Pangkal Pinang is adequate and should not take more than an overnight voyage. As visitors step down at the Depati Amir Airport, a huge sign welcomes them saying “Welcome to the land of Serumpun Sebalai”. Serumpun Sebalai or Seiya Sekata in Bahasa Indonesia has deep meaning that unity only comes with actions that correspond to speech and promises. More than the Province’s slogan, however, Serumpun Sebalai underscores the spirit that unites the plural society of the islands into one big family.
So for anyone who wants to enjoy the beauty of the island of Bangka, prepare yourself to feel the sensation of the beautiful rocky beaches, soft sand with the added bonus of friendly, warming people. Welcome to the best travel destination, Bangka Island
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